If It’s Not Dementia, What Is It?


Identify difference between dementia and other conditions which cause dementia-like symptoms.

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What is dementia? According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), dementia is not a disease but “a collection of symptoms.” However, just because a person has memory problems – which are a common symptom of dementia – it does not mean the person suffers from dementia. To be diagnosed with dementia, two or more brain functions – memory, language skills, perception, reasoning, judgment, etc. – must be significantly impaired.